||Having the correct Ielts score for entry does not necessarily mean that the student is well prepared for degree study,'' says Claire Bradshaw at London Metropolitan University in the UK, underlining why international students should consider undertaking a specific academic preparation course. In order to ensure that a student is assimilated into the UK education environment, an academic preparation course, or foundation programme, provides targeted tuition as well as language skills tuition and, very often, Ielts training.
There is a variety of such courses available, ranging from pre-sessional courses, offered in the summer prior to the start of the academic year, to academic year programmes that run for an entire academic year and can result in a confirmed place at a university. Margaret Andrew at Harven School of English in Woking explains that in their school's case, ''Our foundation course is all year - three terms - but students of a high enough level can join for the second and third term in January. Completion of this course guarantees a university place.''
Some students opt to study at a university or alternative higher education institution prior to their undergraduate degree, while others may look for private language schools that can offer entry links to a variety of universities. Even those schools that cannot offer a guaranteed place will offer university access via a central placement service. Carmel Engin of Lake School of English in Oxford says, ''We are looking to help students find the course that suits them best - rather than us!''
The typical content of programmes in this field covers study skills, targeted English language acquisition and intercultural orientation. At London Metropolitan University, Bradshaw says, ''Students learn about the importance of independent learning and get experience in different assessment [models] such as reports and group presentations.'' Sarah Beasley at Beet Language Centre in Bournemouth adds, ''By the end of their course, students will be fully prepared and totally confident in their ability to follow a university degree course.''
Lucy Wilkins at Bell International says that they have offered a university foundation programme for four years now. ''There has been a noticeable increase in students wishing to study at Bell as part of a structured path into a UK university,'' she says, explaining that the course has evolved by introducing closer links with universities. ''We are constantly working on establishing strong ties with universities themselves,'' says Wilkins, ''allowing universities to give talks to the students and also organising regular visits to campuses.''
At Anglolang Academy of English in Scarborough, another new development has come in the form of recognition for its university foundation programme from the Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education. Sarah Wall at the school explains that the programme is now ''a recognised, alternative route to A-levels''.
At universities, courses are also reviewed regularly to ensure the content is as appropriate as possible. At City University in London, which offers two-week pre-sessional courses in the summer, Tim Connell explains, ''Our weekly timetable has got longer; we have added grammar [lessons], by popular request; and we have added specimen lectures given by the departments.''
This is a product area that seems likely to carry on evolving. Bradshaw notes, ''Good feedback has shown us that students benefit from the experiential nature of the assessments and activities that we do with them. They feel more prepared than other students [from overseas].''