|Nevertheless, many school representatives report that they believe the system will be easy to use once the initial problems have been ironed out. 'We have been using Sevis on real time since August 2002,' reports Enoc Q Flores, Director of International Services at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah. 'The system is easy to use and will make it easier in the future to manage our international population. In the meantime, we will continue to assist in cleaning up all the bugs.'
One serious problem pointed out by Alan Turner, Principal of St Giles International in San Francisco, California, is that the Sevis system has been geared towards university enrolment. 'This will eventually show up at a port of entry where immigration officers will have direct links to Sevis,' he said. 'For example, under courses we can only enter 'major in English language or literature' as the closest to a language programme. When an immigration officer sees this on their screen, they will question why a student is only taking a four-week course.'
Those working with the system are hopeful that changes will be implemented to lead to a confusion-free system. 'There are several problems to work through, and we foresee this continuing for a while,' said Joyce Burnham, Director of Admissions at the New England School of English in Cambridge, Massachusetts. 'There were many situations that were not thought of and need to be reprogrammed. However, the INS is continually making updates and working through the reported glitches.'
Other problems reported by schools - aside from technical hitches - such as being locked out of the system for days due to password error or having to restart during the loading of details - are that student details loaded into the interim system (called Iseas), used until Sevis became operational, are not always picked up by Sevis. Turner reports, 'I-20s (visa forms) issued under this system are supposed to be valid, but there are reports of students being denied visas with I-20s issued under the Iseas system.'
Arlene Spencer, Director of International Student & ESL Programmes at Fulton-Montgomery Community College in New York, adds that there is a significant added workload too. 'The biggest issue I have is in meeting deadlines,' she says. 'We have 30 days to update records for new students. Those 30 days go very quickly at the start of a new semester. Basically, Sevis has added to my personal workload without any compensation in pay.'
Sevis was implemented following the September 11 2001 terrorist attacks in the USA, when the US government agreed to invest US$36 million to start up the operation (see Language Travel Magazine, May 2002, page 5). All new student records must now be entered into the system, and there is an August deadline for entering existing students' details onto the database. Sevis is seen as a modern technological alternative to maintaining files on students in schools, and failure to comply with Sevis rules and deadlines can mean a fine for institutions.
Those institutions not approved by the INS to use the Sevis system are not eligible to enrol overseas students. However, some sources have claimed that the INS checking of a school's validity has been haphazard, and no schools have been refused clearance. Critics of the scheme also question the INS's ability to chase up students who fail to attend classes.
Students protest in Spain following ELT schools collapse
Students in Spain demonstrated in front of the Catalan parliament earlier this year in protest of the collapse of a number of English language schools in the country that left students with huge debts.
The payment procedure used by schools such as the Opening English School chain - which catered for 46,000 students in 90 centres, according to the TES newspaper - meant that students paid in instalments and were legally obliged to maintain payments to the bank during their course, even if the school closed. Public confidence in this system eroded following the closure of Opening Schools, which fuelled, in part, the closure of the Cambridge English chain, the Brighton school and the Oxford English chain.
The TES estimates that 150 English language centres have closed since summer 2002, and at least 60,000 students have been left without classes.
Protesting students called on the Catalan parliament, which represents one of the worst affected regions in Spain, to regulate the sector. Meanwhile, members of the Association of Language Schools of Catalonia agreed to accept students caught up in the furore for free.
Over 80 members for GWEA
The Global Work Experience Association (GWEA), which was inaugurated at the World Youth and Student Travel Conference last year in Greece under the framework of Fiyto (see Language Travel Magazine, November 2002, page 5) has got off to a great start, with over 80 applicants already accepted as members of the association.
'We are extremely pleased with the overwhelming response we have had from organisations wanting to join GWEA,' commented Paul Christianson of InterExchange in the USA, President of GWEA. 'The rapid increase in numbers and the scramble [by organisations] to gain membership is a great confirmation that work experience is the fastest growing sector in the world of youth travel today.'
GWEA was set up for organisations involved in sending or receiving work experience participants, to provide them with an industry forum. Members include work experience placement organisations, language schools providing work experience, exchange organisations, student travel agencies and employers with an interest in the field.
The Executive Committee has now been elected and includes: Paul Christianson, President; David Stitt of NETC in the UK/USA, Treasurer; Brigitte Schwarzenbach of Experiment in International Living in Switzerland, Vice President/Secretary; Caroline Fox of Twin Education in the UK; and Ashley Rowlands of English 2000 in the UK. The committee is currently working on promotional strategies such as the introduction of a website, a member directory and plans for membership activities.
See pages 18-19 for our article about work experience placement organisations.
Visa issuance under scrutiny
The integrity of New Zealand's immigration system took a knock earlier this year, when Immigration Minister, Lianne Dalziel, confirmed that the government was investigating a bribery scam at the New Zealand Embassy in Thailand involving Cambodian applications for visitor and student visas.
According to The Dominion Post, Embassy employee, Twich Kanchananaga, who was in charge of processing applications from neighbouring Cambodia, was charging US$4,000 to guarantee visa issuance. The scam is alleged to have started in 1999 and involved hundreds of students and visitors, according to New Zealand's Cambodian community.
Meanwhile, authorities in Ireland are carefully scrutinising operations in their own country in an effort to ensure that students do not enter the country to study at a fraudulent school. Fifteen schools are currently under investigation by the Garda National Immigration Bureau (GNIB) amid fears that schools are operating in name only and fronting visa factories. Ten schools were closed down last year, and in January this year, a member of GNIB's own staff was arrested over involvement with false documents.
Speaking to the Irish Examiner, Det Chief Superintendent Martin Donnellan said that many cases of fraud involved Chinese nationals. '[Schools] are springing up one after the other and in almost all cases where there are problems, there is involvement by Chinese nationals somewhere in the running of those colleges.'
There have been calls for a mandatory licensing scheme for English language schools in the country, but the Department of Education said there were currently no plans to implement this. The Advisory Council for English Language Schools operates a voluntary licensing scheme.
Australia's latest weapon: new book project
Australia's commitment to self-promotion in the international education arena shows no sign of waning, as it reveals its latest marketing device: a book entitled, Australian Education - Passport to a Global Career.
The publication has been sponsored by key industry bodies including Australian Education International and the Australian Council for Private Education & Training (Acpet), under the patronage of Brendan Nelson, Minister for Education, Science and Training.
The book, which will be distributed to Acpet members, showcases a range of Australia's education providers, including English language schools.